Language Arts in Kindergarten
Students enter Kindergarten with a broad spectrum of language arts skills and reading skills ranging from emergent readers to fluent decoders. Through the integrated thematic lens of community, we differentiate within a balanced literacy approach including components such as guided reading, reading aloud, guided writing and independent writing to support students in becoming independent readers and writers.
Skills we focus on include the following:
- Participate in collaborative research and writing activities.
- Recall information from experiences or gather information from provided sources to answer questions.
- Understand fundamentals of reading, phonemic awareness, and sight word recognition to gain fluency and confidence.
- Read, spell, and understand differentiated vocabulary in isolation and in text.
- Master decoding skills at individual level.
- Recognize grade-appropriate sight words.
- Increase familiarity with common inflections and affixes as clues to meaning of new words.
- Make connections between words and meanings, and organize into categories.
- Understand and ideate examples of synonyms and antonyms.
- Read aloud age level appropriate texts with fluency, independently and as a group.
- Distinguish between fiction and nonfiction, fact and opinion.
- Identify and consider characters, settings, sequence of events, and points of view.
- Retell familiar stories to practice summarizing.
- Compare and contrast elements of stories or texts.
- Engage in group reading discussions by asking and answering questions about a text.
- Discern a book’s main point and use the text and images to show how the author makes this point.
- Connect a book’s illustrations to the exact words illustrated.
- Understand and apply strategies of sequencing, connecting, visualizing, predicting, questioning, wondering, and summarizing.
- Use invented spelling to construct words, and recognize spelling patterns to identify, write, and sort words.
- Connect a letter or letters with most consonant and short-vowel sounds.
- Master basics of sentence structure.
- Explore the writing process: brainstorm, draft, revise, publish.
- Use combinations of drawing, dictating, and writing to compose opinion pieces about a topic or book.
- Write clear, coherent sentences that present a central idea.
- Practice writing within a narrative story structure with an understanding of audience and purpose.
- Begin to write across genres and perspectives.