Language Arts in Second Grade
Through the integrated thematic lens of Origins, students focus on the shift between learning to read to “reading to learn.” Students engage in reading, discussion, and writing about texts across genres and perspectives to improve reading comprehension through differentiated reading groups. As students “read to learn,” they make connections between themselves, the text and the world. Writing expectations expand as students demonstrate evidence of the writing process through different crafts and conventions for a range of purposes and audiences. Students build decoding and fluency skills and increase their lexicon to focus on nuance and context. Students practice writing for sustained periods of time and incorporate figurative language, character development, and dialogue into their writing. Expository writing is introduced as students become independent in discussions and presentation skills.
In this program, students will:
- Engage in collaborative small group and independent research and writing projects.
- Recall information from experiences or gather information from provided sources to answer a questions.
- Take notes on sources and organize evidence into provided categories.
- Determine meaning of words and phrases as used in texts and distinguish between literal nonliteral language.
- Distinguish personal points of view from narrators and characters.
- Engage in multicultural stories and explain how central messages, lessons, or morals are conveyed through textual details.
- Compare and contrast themes, settings, and plots of stories within the same genre.
- Discuss studied materials through preparation and other knowledge to explore connected ideas.
- Ask and answer questions to demonstrate understanding of texts using textual evidence as basis for answers.
- Describe characters in stories and how their actions contribute to the sequence of events.
- Identify and understand the meaning of common roots, prefixes, and derivational suffixes.
- Use context for word recognition and understanding.
- Read across multiple genres, perspectives, structures, and purpose through a thematic and inclusive lens.
- Determine the main idea of a text and explain how key details support the main idea.
- Explore and understand multiple perspectives and audience.
- Read differentiated texts independently and as a group, and recognize literary devices.
- Independently apply strategies of sequencing, connecting, visualizing, predicting, questioning, and summarizing, as well as strategies of inferring, comparing/contrasting, and critiquing.
- Use dialogue and descriptions of actions, thoughts, and feelings to develop experiences, events, and character responses to situations.
- Produce organized and purposeful writing for appropriate tasks and prompts.
- Engage in writing processes for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences over extended and shorter time frames.
- Practice writing across modes and increase elaboration with details, facts, and examples.
- Write clear concise expository pieces.
- Compose narratives that employ a narrator, characters, dialogue, and descriptive details on how characters feel and respond to what happens.
- Introduce topics clearly in writing through the creation of an effective topic sentence for clear and concise paragraph structures with the aid of a template.
- Practice guided and scaffolded peer review to provide constructive feedback and improve editing skills.
- Apply descriptive words, and temporal words, and sentence variety (e.g. after, following, later) to improve writing.
Grammar and Conventions
- Use conjunctions that show connection and dependence.
- Understand functions and roles of nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs in a sentence.
- Identify and use prepositions to diversify sentences and improve description.
- Use regular and irregular plural nouns , abstract nouns , and regular and irregular verbs in simple past, present, and future tense.