Social Studies in Room 4
Through the lens of Systems, students examine the history of California and the state’s varied resources and diverse communities leading to the formation and development of this state. Students study and debate the pros and cons of different forms of government while understanding the United States’ system of government. Building upon their initial understandings of the Federal Government structure, students continue exploring the foundations and structures of the California State government. Throughout the year, students engage in an in-depth study of conflict and power dynamics of a pluralistic society as related to their own lives and communities.
Students will focus on the following:
Geography, Sequencing, and Map Skills
- Develop timelines, graphs, charts, and maps to interpret historical data.
- Identify distinguishing characteristics of regions within the United States through interpretation of elevation and climate maps.
- Read maps through symbols and scales to calculate miles and find locations.
- Create maps using symbols,cardinal directions, and legends to provide directions to locations within classrooms, school, or communities.
- Compare and contrast maps to glean information such as population growth or density over time.
- Evaluate patterns of migration and push/pull factors through multiple perspectives to consider causes and effects of events.
- Demonstrate understanding of physical and human geographic features that define places, regions, and communities in California
- Improve research skills through use of print and electronic sources to create research bibliographies.
- Analyze a variety of resources to distinguish between primary and secondary sources, while identifying strengths and weaknesses of each.
- Synthesize complex ideas to present balanced and quality research with clarity, conciseness, and awareness of bias.
Historical Context and Cultural Competency
- Explore and debate the rationale for rules, laws, governments and institutions.
- Evaluate causes and effects of events from multiple perspectives, including biases and values of different figures and sources.
- Investigate the Spanish exploration and colonization of California, and its impact on relationships among indigenous communities, soldiers, and missionaries.
- Examine how the Spanish mission system impacted indigenous communities through multiple perspectives, and expanded the influence of Spain and Catholicism within the colonial context.
- Inclusively explore the history of the Gold Rush and how the lives of women, indigenous communities , and marginalized groups were impacted.
- Describe the diverse social, political, cultural, and economic life and interactions among people of California from past to present, and how California became a governed state.
- Explore the complex journeys, contributions, and shifting power of past through present California migrations.
- Understand and articulate the structures, functions, and powers of the local and state governments as described in the U.S. Constitution.
- Recognize how California, other states, sovereign indigenous peoples and various communities have and continue to influence the development of the US nation state and federal system of government.